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Acrobat ReaderT
by Adobe, lets you view and print PDF files in your browser window. Adobe Acrobat 3.0 permits anyone to share business documents across platforms with their original look and feel intact. 

The area of a hypertext document that is either the source or destination of a hypertext link. The link might extend from that area to another document or from another document to that area. When anchors are the starting points of these links, they are typically highlighted or otherwise identified in the hypertext browser.

Annual Check*
Annual Prepayment amount if customer wishes to pay by check. *(does not include set up fee)

Annual Credit Card*
Annual Prepayment amount if customer wishes to pay by credit card. *(does not include set up fee)

Anonymous FTP
A system of computers and databases tracking information of FTP servers throughout the world.

Moving a file, or compressing a file for long term storage or to save space. 

(Address Resolution Protocol) A means of determining a host's address from its Internet address.

is the precursor of today's Internet and was transferred by DARPA in July of 1975 as an operational network. Today's Internet became reality when the ARPANET was divided into Military and Civilian sections in 1983. TCP and IP protocols were established by 1980, and adopted throughout ARPANET by 1983. ARPANET was dissolved in 1989 and the National Science Foundation began to manage the network.

American Standard Code for Information Interchange. A 7-bit character code that can represent 128 characters, some of which are control characters used for communications control and are not printable.

(Active Server Page) 

(Asynchronous Transfer Mode) A standard for packet switching which uses packets of a fixed length.

Usually referring to a file that is linked or attached to an e-mail message.

A property of an HTML element; specified in the start tag of the element.

Audio Streaming
The ability to play audio as it is being received as opposed to downloading an entire audio file and launching an audio player.

Verification of a person's identity or a processes validity.

Used in the context as creating World Wide Web documents. 

(Infobots) An automatic response to an e-mail inquiry generated by the mail server that is programmed to acknowledge receipt of an e-mail request. This can be used to send additional information about a specific product or service. See also, Infobot. E.g. For current pricing, send e-mail to prices@your-domain.com

A graphic or pictorial representation of a user in a 3-D chat area. Usually chosen by each user, the avatar can be an animal or caricature.

(Audio Video interleaved) A Microsoft multimedia file format.

Automatic Voice Recognition top

A high speed centralized network connecting smaller independent networks.

Frequency that creates a back up file.

Refers to the "private entrance" around the security in a program or network used by programmers or technicians to perform maintenance or gain entry. 

The range of frequencies (data) a transmission line can carry and defined in bit\s (BPS). The larger the bandwidth, the greater the information capacity of a channel. 

An online advertising graphic. 

A unit of transmission/receiving speed, expressed in terms of the number of different signal events per second. It is the same as bit/s, when it is used to transmit a single bit of data.

Blind Carbon Copy. To send an e-mail where the addressee does not see that the letter was also sent to a third party.

Binary file
Any file that is not plain, ASCII text. For example: executable files, graphic files and compressed (ZIP) files. 

(contraction of binary digit) A single unit of information that has two values, 0 or 1.

"Because It's Time" Network. An academic computer network that provides interactive electronic mail and file transfer services, using a store-and-forward protocol. BITNet hosts are not on the Internet per se, but are reachable by email through BITNet to Internet gateways. 

The return of a piece of mail because of an error in the delivery process. Mail can be bounced for various reasons. "Bounce" can also refer to the message indicating the error (informal usage). 

Marking the location OF an Internet address for quick reference.

Bits per second. Measurement of digital information transmission rates.

Any network (or frequency) that multiplexes different independent network carriers into a single cable or channel. 

The simultaneous transmission of like data from one to many destinations, one to all.

A slang term for websites where companies have done little more than scan their companies brochures and mounted them on their web pages. This is the first step many businesses take while learning to market on the Internet. 

A software program for observing the World Wide Web; synonym for a Web client.

An abbreviation for "By The Way".

Bulletin Board System
(BBS) A computer, and associated hardware, which typically provides electronic messaging services, archives of files and any other services or activities of interest to the bulletin board system's operator. Many BBS's are currently operated by government, educational and research institutions. Although BBS's have traditionally been the domain of hobbyists, an increasing number of BBS's are connected to the Internet. The majority, however, are still reachable only via a direct modem-to-modem connection over a phone line.

Bulk E-mail
E-mail sent to multiple addresses in one huge mailing. Usually referring to a UCE bombing or SPAM.

Eight bits forming a unit of data. Typically, each byte stores one character (letter or number).

C (and/or C+, C++)
The name of a programming language so called because many features derived from an earlier compiler named `B' in commemoration of its parent, BCPL. Before Bjarne Stroustrup settled the question by designing C++, there was a humorous debate over whether C's successor should be named `D' or `P'. C is now the dominant language in systems and microcomputer applications programming.

Shareware for which either the author suggests that some payment be made to a nominated charity or a levy directed to charity is included on top of the distribution charge. 

A temporary storage bin in memory and on your hard drive. Browsers stash the contents from pages that have been downloaded in the event they are called upon to be displayed again. 

(Common Client Interface) Allows Web clients to communicate with external viewers or other applications.

Centre Europeen pour la Recherche Nucleaire. The European laboratory for particle physics, where the Web originated in 1989. (See http://www.iso.ch/)

(Common Gateway Interface) A standard for programs to interface with Web servers.

(bin - short for binary) The name of a directory on a web server in which CGI programs are usually stored.

The basic unit of discussion on IRC. Once one joins a channel, others read everything one types on that channel. Channels can either be named with numbers or with strings that begin with a `#' sign and can have topic descriptions (which are generally irrelevant to the actual subject of discussion). 

Clickable Map
Another name for an imagemap.

A software program that requests information or services from another software application, a server, and displays this information in a form required by its hardware platform.

A front-end client and a back end server allows multiple workstations (client) to access the same server at the same time over the LAN. The Internet is a global client/server network. The goal of such a design is to off-load as much processing as possible to the desktop leaving the shared information at the server.

A temporary staging area for copied information stored in memory. The clipboard stores information until you copy another or you exit Windows.

Confidence factor
The factor by which a search engine rates the relevance or results of a keyword query. 

The access method through which one is connected to the Internet. Connectivity choices are increasing rapidly. 

A handle or transaction identifier, or other token of agreement between cooperating programs. Cookies were introduced by Netscape to preserve state information on the browser. This permits a site to recognize you on subsequent visits. Shopping cart programs can record each item you have collect as you navigate through a site. When done shopping, the web page can use all of your accumulated cookies to calculate the charge. Some people believe that any site you connect to can read all the cookies on your disk. However, only the site that issued the cookie can read it.

Corel Draw
A very popular suite of graphics programs. 

Advertising term meaning cost per one thousand sightings or impressions. 

A cracker is an individual who attempts to access computer systems without authorization. These people are often malicious, as opposed to hackers, and have many means at their disposal for breaking into a system. 

(Cascading Style Sheets) a World Wide Web Consortium specification for designing layout and style elements of a web page. It permits you to control the appearance of fonts, colors, sizes, etc. throughout the entire site by referencing one master page. FrontPage 98 does this by assisting you with the "Themes" option. 

(Click Through Rate) Advertising term indicating the percentage of viewers who click on a banner advertisement and follow the link.

Ctrl C - (Control C)
The keyboard command to copy text or graphics selected (highlighted) by the cursor to the computers temporary RAM memory.

Ctrl V - (Control V)
The keyboard command to paste an object stored in RAM memory into an open application such as a paint program or word processor.

Citizens of the Internet, Net heads, Netizens.

An online shopping mall such as IBM's World Avenue.

A term coined by William Gibson in his SF novel Neuromancer (1984) to describe the interconnected "world" of computers and the society that gathers around them. Today, cyberspace is the Internet and the tens of thousands of computers and networks that make up the Net. - D -

[from the mythological meaning, later rationalized as the acronym `Disk And Execution MONitor'] A program that is not invoked explicitly, but lies dormant waiting for some condition(s) to occur. The idea is that the perpetrator of the condition need not be aware that a daemon is lurking (though often a program will commit an action only because it knows that it will implicitly invoke a daemon). 

Data Transfer Per Month
Cumulative total of data that is transferred over the web site each month.

Dial-up Account
Account with an Internet Service Provider that utilizes a telephone call to a modem (rather than a dedicated data line).

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (now the Defense Information Systems Agency) initiated the DARPA Internet program in 1969. This network which was called an "CATENET" was the precursor to the modern Internet.

A program that establishes and maintains your connection to the Internet, as well as provides Winsock support. Other popular dialers include Trumpet Winsock and the Windows '95 Dial up Networking. 

A temporary connection between machines established with modems over a standard phone line. 

Digital Cash
Electronic cash or bank account. Automatic payroll deposits in your bank are examples of digital cash. 

Disk Storage
Amount of disk space available for programming.

(Domain Name Service) The Internet's distributed database system used to map names with the appropriate IP address. The DNS is a general-purpose distributed, replicated, data query service. The principal use is the lookup of host IP addresses based on host names. The style of host names now used in the Internet is called "domain name", because they are the style of names used to look up anything in the DNS. Some important domains are .COM (commercial), .NET (network), .EDU (educational), .GOV (government) and .MIL (military). Most countries also have a domain. For example, .US (United States), .UK (United Kingdom) and .AU (Australia). 

Domain Name
The alphabetic name for a computer host; this name is mapped to the computer's numeric Internet Protocol (lP) address.

Copying files from another computer to your own computer over a communications link.

(Dots Per Inch) The spatial resolution of a graphics image, how many dots per inch in a graphic image determine the quality of output. A high-end printer can produce 600 - 1200+ DPI while a computer monitor is only 72 DPI.

(Document Type Definition) A specification for a mark-up language.

(Electronic Data Interchange) The exchange of information through the use of an electronic (and usually secure) messaging system. 

(Electronic Frontier Foundation - http://www.eff.org) is a non-profit civil liberties organization working in the public interest to protect privacy, free expression, and access to public resources and information online, as well as to promote responsibility in new media. Founded in July of 1990, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is dedicated to finding ways to resolve these and other conflicts while ensuring that essential civil liberties are protected. 

A unit of structure in an HTML document; many elements have start and stop tags; some have just a single tag; some elements can contain other elements.

Electronic Mail. The exchange of messages via networked computers to an e-mail address. E-mail allows attaching and sending of other files.

Email Address
The domain-based address that is used to send electronic mail to a specified destination. For example, "support@ix.netcom.com" is the email address for the user support on the machine ix that is part of the netcom.com domain. 

E-mail Forwarding
Automated forwarding of E-mail messages delivered to an established e-mail address.

E-mail Autoresponding
Automated e-mail response to messages received at a specified e-mail address

An electronic shopping mall. top

E-mail emotions, or faces that you insert to express moods. Examples: Smiley face :-) or unhappy face :-( 

The most common LAN transmission network.

(Internet Explorer) Microsoft's web browser 

The number of times a viewer sees an advertising banner. 

A close relative of an Intranet with the difference being that remote company offices not confined to the corporate location can utilize the Intranet via the Internet. 

An acronym for Frequently Asked Questions. 

(Fiber Distributed Data Interface) A fiber-based token-passing LAN technology standardized by ANSI, with dual counter-rotating rings. Each ring carries information at the rate of 100 Mbits. 

An automatic method of screening e-mail messages as they are downloaded from the Internet. An e-mail client can be instructed to deposit (file or trash) qualifying e-mail messages in various folders as they are received. A filter can look at keywords, addresses, domains, subject matter, size, etc. 

An Internet tool used to locate people on other Internet sites.

A gateway between two networks that screens and buffers information passing between the networks.

To post an email message intended to insult and provoke. 

Flame Bait
A posting intended to trigger a flame war, or one that invites flames in reply.

HTML element that allows users to fill in information and submit it for processing.

An HTML programming option that permits a web page to be subdivided into smaller sections of varying size. The "windows" can have no relevance to each other or, they can be hyper-linked to each other. 

Frame relay
A communications interface that provides high-speed packet transmission with minimum delay and efficient use of bandwidth. It assumes that all connections are reliable and does not have error detection or control which helps to speed up the protocol.

Software that is free but still copyright protected.

FrontPage® 98 Server Extensions
FrontPage extensions are server side programs which are required for using FrontPage software. FrontPage software communicates with the extensions to direct requests to the appropriate program, such as authoring (uploading/downloading documents, ToDo Lists), administration (setting end-user, author, and administrator privileges), and dynamic content (browse-time WebBot components).

(File Transfer Protocol) A means to exchange files across a network.

(Graphics Interchange Format) A storage format for images; can be used as an inline image in an HTML document.

A protocol for disseminating information on the Internet using a system of menus; items in the menus can be links to other documents, searches, or links to other information services.

Graphical Browser
A Web client that displays inline images and fonts and that usually offers mouse-based point-and-click operation.

(Graphical User Interface) Pronounced "gooey", a navigational command or menu interface designed to be self-explanatory and easy to use by pointing and clicking on text selections and icons. The Windows GUI interface, although originally pioneered in the 1970s by Xerox, is now the de-facto standard for American business. 

A person who delights in having an intimate understanding of the internal workings of a system, computers and computer networks in particular. 

Type of server acting as a host server.

(Handheld Device Markup Language) A developing programming language for a new class of cellular (wireless) communications.

Information that appears across the top of e-mail messages, and newsgroup articles. The header usually contains data about the sender, date message was created, the computer path the message traveled through and other information used for managing the message.

Hex Code
The binary code name for the color used in html.

A request from a browser for a single item from a web server. An overused term when discussing traffic on a website, e.g. "We get 500,000 hits per month." Calling one page from a server could result in dozens of "hits" because each graphic is interpreted as a hit. In reality, counting only the "index.htm" page or "default.htm" page would be a more accurate gauge of traffic.

Home Page
A place on the web for any person or organization on the Internet to display information to anyone else who wants to see it. A company, for example, could put the entire contents of their brochure, or annual statement, or technical support manual on the Web as a home page. 

Any computer on the Internet is referred to as a host.

A Web browser capable of executing applets written in the Java programming language.

The region of displayed hypertext that, when selected, links the user to another point in the hypertext or another resource.

(HyperText Mark-up Language) The mechanism used to create Web pages; Web browsers display these pages according to a browser-defined rendering scheme.

Indicates document structure, elements, formatting and links to other documents. HTML Tags also allow use of other media within a document Example - <TagNamer> area affected </TagName>

(HyperText Transfer Protocol) The native protocol of the Web, used to transfer hypertext documents.

Hypertext that may include multimedia: text, graphics, images, sound, and video.

A means of "jumping" from one information site to another on the same or a different network server. 

Text that is not constrained to a single sequence for observation; Web-based hypertext is not constrained to a single server for creating meaning.

(Internet Engineering Task Force - http://www.ietf.org/overview.html) A large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers concerned with the evolution of the Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet. It is open to any interested individual. To learn more about this group, what they do and how you may want to become involved, read "A Guide for New Attendees of the Internet Engineering Task Force" at: http://www.ietf.org/tao.html

Image Map
A graphic inline image on an HTML page that potentially connects each pixel or region of an image to a Web resource; users click on the image to retrieve the resources.

(See autoresponder and mailbot) an automatic response to an e-mail or web inquiry used to provide additional information about a product or service. 

Interlaced Graphics
GIF files that are interlaced permit the graphic to load gradually in the browser window, progressively increasing the clarity. 

The cooperatively run, globally distributed collection of computer networks that exchange information via the TCP/IP protocol suite.

Internet Address
An IP address that uniquely identifies a node on the Internet. Internet Protocol - (IP) The network layer for the TCP/IP Protocol Suite. It is a connectionless, best-effort packet switching protocol. 

Internet Society, The
Is a non-governmental International organization for global cooperation and coordination for the Internet and its internetworking technologies and applications. The Society's individual and organizational members are bound by a common stake in maintaining the viability and global scaling of the Internet. They comprise the companies, government agencies, and foundations that have created the Internet and its technologies as well as innovative new entrepreneurial organizations contributing to maintain that dynamic. Visit their home pages at: http://info.isoc.org/ to see how Internet innovators are creatively using the network. 

is a cooperative activity between the National Science Foundation, Network Solutions, Inc. and AT&T. Network Solutions sponsors Registration Services, Support Services, and Net Scout Services. Click here to visit the InterNIC on the Web. 

InterNIC fees included
b-onweb or ISP will pay the initial InterNIC fee for a 2 year registration of the domain name. ($70.00 value)
(Business & Commerce Sites only)

A new breed of entrepreneur who develops Internet/Intranet businesses or applications.

is a private, internal network that operates within the walls of a company (similar to a LAN) and is usually insulated from the outside world via an electronic or hardware impedance called a firewall

IP Address
This is a four-part number, which everyone else on the Internet uses to uniquely identify your network. 

Internet Protocol Next Generation is a working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) that is responsible for solving the IP address shortage due to occur after the millenium. 

(Internet Relay Chat) A worldwide "party line" network that allows one to converse with others in real time. IRC is structured as a network of Internet servers, each of which accepts connections from client programs, one per user. 

(Integrated Services Digital Network) Switched digital networking that handles a range of digital voice and digital image transmission. It provides end-to-end, simultaneous handling of voice and data on the same digital links via integrated switches. For more information about Netcom ISDN services, go to our ISDN Information page (http://www.netcom.com/isdn). 

(International Standards Organization) An international organization that sets standards for many things, including, for example, the ISO Latin-1 character set. (See http://www.iso.ch/

ISP (Internet Service Provider)
A Company or Entity that provides Internet access to the public.

An object-oriented programming language for creating distributed, executable applications.

Java Script
A non-compiled command language used in HTML applications where the instructions are managed by the browser. 

(Java Development Kit) The development kit from Sun Microsystems that provides the basic tools needed to write, test and debug Java. 

(Joint Electronic Payment Initiative) developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) to help facilitate electronic commerce.

Electronic junk mail. 

(Joint Photographic Expert Group) A graphic compression and decompression standard.

Kilobits per second. A measure of digital information transmission rates. (1 kilobit = 1,000 bits) 

A popular file transfer protocol developed by Columbia University. Because Kermit runs in most operating environments, it provides an easy method of file transfer. Kermit is not the same as FTP. Issuing the command kermit by itself starts Kermit in interactive mode. 

The descriptive text included in HTML programming which is indexed by search engines. E.g. keywords such as motor, engine, tires, etc. would be included in a site geared to automobiles. 

A local area network.

http://www.lexis-nexis.com/ Although fee-based, this database consisting of extensive news and general interest subjects is one of the most powerful research sites in the world. 

A connection between one hypertext document and another.

(Listserv) A software program used to manage e-mail discussion groups. 

Log Files
Files that record and store raw data of web site traffic.

To hang around a Newsgroup without participating. A person who is lurking is just listening to the discussion. Lurking is encouraged for beginning users who wish to become acquainted with a particular discussion before joining in. 

A nongraphical Web browser, developed by the University of Kansas.

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, a specification for multimedia document formats.

(see Infobot or Autoresponder) A program that automatically responds to incoming e-mail requests.

Mail Server
A software program that distributes files or information in response to requests sent via e-mail. Internet examples include Almanac and netlib. Mail servers have also been used in BITNet to provide FTP-like services.  top

Mailing list
An e-mail address which expands to multiple e-mail addresses. Usually they are confined to specific topics of information. Majordomo - A mailing list processor which runs under Unix. 

(Messaging Application Programming Interface) Is Microsoft's standard for the interface to e-mail.

The set of all networks that can exchange electronic mail either directly or through gateways. This includes the Internet, BITNET, FidoNet, UUCP, and commercial services such as America Online, CompuServe, Delphi, Prodigy, as well as other networks. This term was coined by John S. Quarterman in his book, The Matrix (Digital Press, 1990).

Megabits per second. A measure of digital information transmission rates. (1 megabit = 1,000 kilobits)

Approximately one million bits of data.

Approximately one million bytes of data. 

Merchant Bank
A banking company that handles corporate transactions. A merchant bank enables a business to receive and clear credit card transactions on line. A merchant bank is the one who actually transfers money from a buyer's account to a seller's account as a result of goods or services being sold.

META tags
Commands in HTML that instruct the browser or search engines to perform specific tasks, identify keywords, site definitions, page authors, plug-in requirements, etc. that are invisible to the user.

(Musical Instrument Digital Interface) a protocol that permits sounds from musical instruments to be converted to a program and read by a computer.

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, a specification in multimedia documents.

A hardware device that connects to the phone lines that permits computers to exchange information. Modems convert binary data into analog for the purpose of passing that data over copper phone lines. 

A person, or small group of people, who manage moderated mailing lists and Usenet newsgroups. Moderators are responsible for determining which e-mail submissions are passed onto a list. 

Moderated Newsgroup
A newsgroup whose articles are sent via e-mail to the group's moderator, who checks material before they are posted.

Monthly Price
Monthly hosting fee associated with each level of web hosting service.

A graphical Web browser originally developed by the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA); now includes a number of commercially licensed products.

MS SQL Server
Supports the installation and operation of a MS SQL database on the web site.

(Multi-User Dungeon) Adventures, role-playing games or simulations played on the Internet. Devotees call them "text-based virtual reality adventures". Players interact in real time and can modify the "world" in which the game is played. Most MUDs are based on the Telnet protocol. 

The simultaneous execution of two or more assignments by one program or the coordinated use of one program that performs many functions at the same time. 

A term that describes the distribution of information (or TV programs) designed for minority interests rather than the mass appeal targeted by broadcasting. 

The act of observing the content of the Web for some purpose.

(National Center for Supercomputing Applications) At the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; developers and distributors of NCSA Mosaic.

The Net
An informal term for the Internet or a subset (or a superset) of the Matrix in context. For example, a computerized conference via e-mail may take place on a BITNET host that has an Internet gateway, thus making the conference available to anyone on either of these networks. 

Net Abuse
Net abuse can be either abuse of ISP'S network services, or violations of netiquette. Types of net abuse that violate Terms and Conditions include: 
  • Using too many of the system resources.
  • Attempting to "hack", or break into accounts.
  • Using an account for any illegal activity.
  • Evading the 10-minute idle timeout.
  • Running background processes or "bots".
  • Sending unsolicited email.
  • Sending chain letters via email.
  • Advertising in inappropriate newsgroups.
  • Off-topic posts to newsgroups.
  • "SPAMming" or inappropriate postings to many newsgroups.
  • Disruption of newsgroups or IRC channels.
  • "Flooding" someone with talk requests.
  • Direct threats in newsgroup posts or email.
  • Sharing an account (in certain circumstances).

Pointer Service
Pointer service allows hosting customers to have more than one domain name point to their website. For example, you would use the Pointer Service if your company is known as www.microsoft.com, but you wanted to have www.frontpage.com also link to the same website.

Secure Key
Allows for encryption of information collected over the web page.

Shell Account
A special dial-up account that allows access to UNIX Shell machines.

A web browser (Navigator) and by default, the name of the authoring company. The Netscape( browser was based on the Mosaic program developed at NCSA. 

("network etiquette") The conventions of politeness (Miss Manners etiquette of the Internet) recognized on USENET, such as avoidance of cross-posting to inappropriate groups and refraining from "commercial pluggery" outside the biz (business) newsgroups.

A new Internet user. 

Network Connectivity
Speed of connection attached to the host server.

A collection of articles (postings) sent to a specific place on the Internet regarding a specific theme.

(Network Information Center) A NIC provides information, assistance and services to network users. The Internet Network Information Center (InterNIC) is a project administered by AT&T and Network Solutions, Inc. (NSI). AT&T provides directory and database services for registered Internet hosts, while NSI administers the registration process. 

A name that you select when you connect to an IRC server. Many users choose descriptive nicknames that have no relevance to their real identity. 

Network Operations Center 

Network Operating System 

A device on a network that requests or provides services. A node is also used to describe a network workstation. 

(Network News Transfer Protocol) A protocol for the distribution, retrieval and posting of Usenet articles through high-speed links available on the Internet.

The National Science Foundation started the Supercomputer Centers program in 1986. NSF's idea was to construct five supercomputer centers around the country and build a network that would link them with users. This would be the core of the U.S. Internet, until its privatization and retirement in 1995. 

Network Solutions Inc. was awarded the InterNIC contract worth $5.9 million a year by NSF. NSI began registering domains at the rate of approximately 400 per month.

(New Technology) Windows NT is Microsoft's 32-bit version of Windows. It is a standalone operating system (OS) that is also a "network ready" system. 

(Optical Character Recognition) Software that converts scanned images of text documents into files, which can then be imported into a word processor. 

(Open Financial Exchange) Messaging specifications created by Microsoft, Intuit and Checkfree.

Online Ordering
Ability to make orders over the internet.

Operating System
Operating system installed on host server.

(Operating System) DOS, Windows 3.1, Win95, UNIX, OS2, etc. are basic operating systems for computers. 

A set of data handled as a unit in data transmission. 

Packet Switching
A method of transferring data in a network where individual packets are accepted by the network and delivered to the prescribed destination. Packets can be distributed in any order because the control data sent at the beginning of the transmission ensures they are interpreted in the correct sequence once received. Because each packet carries its own instructions, it can use any route to reach its destination. 

A single file of hypertext mark-up language. 

Path Name
The list of directories you pass through to get to embedded directories. Pathnames begin with a slash (/) and directory names are separated by a slash.

(Personal Digital Assistant) Handheld computing and communication devices.

A file format exclusive to the Adobe Acrobat Reader that can be downloaded and viewed off-line.

(Protocol Extension Protocol) is an extension to HTTP.

(Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) A scripting language written by Larry Wall used for text manipulation and popular for writing gateway applications. 

(Pretty Good Privacy) encrypts and decrypts files and messages using some of the strongest encryption technology available to U. S. civilians. 

The TCP/IP service that lets you check to verify that you can reach another network node from your local host. Ping is usually a quick test to ensure that your connection is valid. The command will return the time in milliseconds that a packet takes to make the round trip from your local host to the remote host. 

An application that allows you to view different information formats in your browser window.

Point-of-Presence. A linked group of modems, routers and other equipment, located in a particular city or metropolitan area, allowing local subscribers to access the Internet through a local telephone call.

POP 2/3
(Post Office Protocol) A protocol designed to allow single user hosts to read e-mail from a server. There are three versions: POP, POP2 and POP3. Later versions are not compatible with earlier versions. 

POP E-mail
Post Office Protocol Electronic mail address at your domain name. Example: name@domainname.com POP E-mail is the standard for the exchange of messages via networked computers to an e-mail address.

The method of sending e-mail message to a Newsgroup or electronic bulletin board.

The email contact and maintenance person at a site connected to the Internet. Often, but not always, the same as the admin.  top

(Plain Old Telephone Service) Copper phone wires or twisted pair, the same wiring that connects to your home or office.

Point to Point Protocol. A communications protocol that allows dial-up access to Internet over telephone lines.

Primary Mailbox
The primary mailbox is set up automatically when you get your Netcom Account.

Primary Mailbox Password
The primary mailbox uses the account holder's services password to log in to the primary mailbox. 

Primary Mailbox Username
The primary mailbox uses the account holder's username. 

message formats (rules) that two or more machines must observe to exchange information. To print a document on a network printer, strict protocols must be adhered to or the operation can not proceed.

(Public Switched Telephone Network) The old-fashioned telephone system with which we all grew up. See POTS.

(As opposed to "PULL" technology) Information is delivered to a desktop or other receiving device in real time as new information becomes available. This is as a result of a user defining areas of interest, industries, and keywords via a personal profile with the PUSH service provider. 

(QT) A format developed by Apple Computer for working with data files, such as sounds and video. A QuickTime file is indicated by a ".mov" (movie) filename. 

Radio Button
A round selection (check box) field in software programs and web forms that when checked, looks like a knob from an old radio. 

Random Access Memory is temporary memory that your computer uses to store information. Text copied to the "clipboard" is stored in RAM until it is replaced by new information or the computer is turned off.

Real AudioT
A browser plug-in used to listen to live or on-demand music in real-time across the Internet at 14.4K baud or higher. 

Remote Login
Operating on a remote computer, using a protocol over a computer network, as though locally attached. Commonly used protocols include telnet and rlogin. Telnet is a TC--More--P/IP protocol. The rlogin protocol is specific to Unix environments. UNIX shell customers can use both telnet and rlogin.

(Request for Comments) A series of documents that describes standards or proposes new standards for Internet protocols and technologies. 

Ring No Answer. This is the symptom used to describe a modem at a local POP that rings, but does not pick up the incoming call.

A term for software programs that automatically explore the Web for a variety of purposes; robots that collect resources for later database queries by users are sometimes called spiders. 

the process used on the Internet to deliver data packets to their intended destination. A router processes the data packet and reads the destination address included in the IP header then determines the next (router) stop that will take the packet closer to its destination. The process is repeated until the packet arrives at its final target. 

An acronym for "Read The Freaking Manual". Advice given to Newbies who ask questions before looking for the answers in the appropriate places.

Screen Capture
A method of "capturing" a snapshot of your computer screen. Pressing the "Print Scrn" key on your keyboard will place an image of your computer screen in memory. Pasting (Ctrl V) that image into any graphics program will permit you to crop and edit that scene. 

Search Engines
Resources that are used to locate information on the Internet.

A software application that provides information or services based on requests from client programs. 

(Secure Electronic Transactions) a new Internet standard from MasterCard and VISA.

Set up
One time set up fee associated with each level of web hosting service. 

Standard Generalized Mark-Up Language; a standard for defining mark-up languages; HTML is an instance of SGML. (See http://www.sgmlopen.org/

Software that you try out for a certain period of time and then pay for it if you wish to keep using it.

Software purchased on a whim (by an individual user) or in accordance with policy (by a corporation or government agency), but not actually required for any particular use. Therefore, it often ends up on some shelf. 

The user interface to an operating environment. Unix has several, including the Bourne shell (sh), the C shell (csh), and the Korn shell (ksh). 

A browser plug-in from Macromedia that permits you to view animated multimedia presentations on the web. 

Text that can be automatically added to the bottom of e-mail messages or newsgroups articles.

A file section of a computer on which Web documents (or other documents served in another protocol) reside; for example, a Web site, a Gopher site, an FTP site. 

Serial Line Interface Protocol. A communications protocol that allows direct, dial-up access to the Internet over phone lines.

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol. Set of rules that the Internet uses for moving e-mail messages.

Causing a newsgroup to be flooded with irrelevant or inappropriate messages. SPAMing is considered one of the worst examples of bad Netiquette. 

Snail Mail
The traditional mail service offered by the U.S. Postal Service. 

A software program that traverses the Web to collect information about resources for later queries by users seeking to find resources; major species of active spiders include Lycos and WebCrawler. 

(Structured Query Language) A standardized query language used for querying databases in client/server applications.

Subject Line
The line in e-mail messages where you insert the subject being discussed. This is an important place to add "spin" to a marketing message.

The act of navigating the Web, typically using techniques for rapidly processing information in order to find subjectively valuable resources. 

The person responsible for maintenance of a given computer system. Short for "System Operator". 

Data communications line capable of transmitting at speeds of 1.54 Mbps.

Data communications line capable of transmitting at speeds of 45 Mbps.

The format code used to make up part of an HTML element; for example, the TITLE element has a start tag, and an end tag. 

The protocol used to connect two computers, and it is the foundation of the Internet. The Internet is TCP/IP, and usually it is implemented on top of UNIX, except at the final desktop destination, where it might be on a Windows PC, a DOS PC, or a Mac.

A protocol for sharing information across networks using a technique for terminal emulation; appears as if user is "logged in" to remote computer. 

1000 gigabytes.

In Microsoft FrontPage 98, Themes provide a consistent look throughout a website. More than 50 professionally designed thematic templates include backgrounds, fonts, page headers, and navigation buttons.

In a discussion group or mailing list, a message thread is a series of e-mail responses to a particular subject strung together as in "following the thread". 

(The Internet Adapter) A product that emulates a SLIP or PPP connection over a serial line, allowing shell users to run a SLIP/PPP session through a Unix dialup account. "TIA" is also used informally as an abbreviation for "Thanks in advance". 

Transaction processing
Taking orders (usually via a secure procedure) and processing credit card transactions.

Trojan Horse 
A computer program which carries within itself a means to allow the program's creator access to the system using it. 

A term used to define a public message (either on a USENET newsgroup or other public message board on an online service) that is posted for the sole purpose of offending people and/or generating an enormous flood of non-topic replies. TTFN - Ta-Ta For Now

Unsolicited Commercial E-mail, or another term for SPAM 

Copying files from your own computer onto another computer over a communications link.

(Universal Payment Preamble) Internet payment negotiation protocol that is an extension to HTTP.

Urban Legend
A story, which may have started with a grain of truth, that has been embroidered and retold until it has passed into the realm of myth. Is an interesting phenomenon that these stories become spread so far, so fast and so often. Examples of Urban Legends relating to the Internet include "The Infamous Modem Tax", "Craig Shergold/Brain Tumor Get Well Cards", and "The Good Times Virus".

(Uniform Resource Locator) The scheme for addressing on the Web; a URL identifies a resource on the Web. 

A system for disseminating asynchronous text discussion among cooperating computer hosts; the Usenet discussion space is divided into newsgroups, each on a particular topic or subtopic. 

A compression of "user identification"; the userID always proceeds the @ sign in an email address. 

A username consists of 1 to 8 characters, and only uses numbers 0 through 9 and the 26 alphabet letters. Usernames do not have spaces. usernames are the first part of an e-mail address: username@b-onweb.com. You must have a username and a services password to log in to a mailbox.

(UNIX-to-UNIX Command Protocol) This was initially a program run under the Unix operating system that allowed one Unix system to send files to another Unix system via dialup phone lines. Today, the term is more commonly used to describe the large international network, which uses the UUCP protocol to pass news and electronic mail.

The restoration of uuencoded data to its original form. 

(Unix to Unix Encoding) A process used to convert binary files (graphics) to ASCII (text) so that they can be transmitted across the Internet via an e-mail attachment. 

A service that maintains an index of titles of items on gopher servers, and provides keyword searches of those titles. 

Virtual Domain
A Site on the Internet that exists virtually with other domains on the same Network Server.

Virtual LAN
A logical vs. a physical (wired) LAN made up of workgroups and individuals brought together for a particular project with most member's location being apart from the others. 

A program that when loaded infects, alters or destroys other programs. Some virus programs cause major trouble and some are nothing more than annoying pranks. 

(Virtual Reality) A place or event that exists only in cyberspace but is programmed to have the appearance of a real experience.

(Virtual Reality Modeling Language) A specification for three-dimensional rendering used in conjunction with Web browsers. 

(World Wide Web Consortium - http://www.w3.org/) An international industry consortium committed to developing public protocols for the World Wide Web. Currently, the W3C is contemplating HTML 4.0 specs including XML, digital signatures and they are the developers of the Joint Electronic Payment Initiative (JEPI) 

(Wide Area Information Servers) A distributed information service which offers simple natural language input, indexed searching for fast retrieval and a "relevance feedback" mechanism which allows the results of initial searches to influence future searches. Public domain implementations are available. See also: Archie, Gopher, Veronica. 

Wide Area Network. A communications network which connects geographically dispersed users.

The act of creating and linking Web pages. 

Pronounced "wave", an audio file used extensively on the Internet and in computer software programs. (i.e.: filename.wav) top

A set of hypertext pages that is considered a single work; typically, a single web is created by cooperating authors or an author and deployed on a single server with links to other servers; a subset of the Web. 

(World Wide Web) A hypertext information and communication system popularly used on the Internet computer network with data communications operating according to a client/server model. Web clients (browsers) can access multi-protocol and hypermedia information (where appropriate multimedia helper applications are available for the browser) using an addressing scheme. 

Web server
Software that provides the services to web clients. 

See robots.

A collection of web pages or a domain on the World Wide Web

A new slang term, putting a business on the Web.

An Internet program which allows users to query a database of people and other Internet entities, such as domains, networks and hosts. 

A computer operating system developed by Microsoft providing graphical user interface and multitasking capabilities.

Windows CE
A new operating system for PDAs and handheld devices which is basically a scaled down version of Win95. 

Industry standard specifying how TCP/IP-based network applications should communicate with TCP/IP protocol software.

Software "question and answer applications" that perform a function after presenting the user with selectable options. A set-up wizard may ask, "Do you want white or black text" or "Do you want fries with your order".

A computer program, which replicates itself and is self-propagating. Worms, as opposed to viruses, are meant to spawn in network environments. Network worms were first defined by Shoch and Hupp of Xerox in ACM Communications (March 1982). The Internet worm of November 1988 is perhaps the most famous; it successfully propagated itself on over 6,000 systems across the Internet. See also: Trojan Horse, Virus. 

A file transfer program that is used to upload/download files and text to your Web Site. Designed for non-programmers but sophisticated enough for power users, WS_FTP Pro is widely recognized as the fastest, most powerful Windows file transfer client application available.

The World Wide Web. The WWW is a global network of HTML based documents that allow visual and interactive communication to take place. A Home Page or a Web Page is part of this World Wide Web.

An acronym for What You See is What You Get. Pronounced "whizzy-wig".

under development since the1960s, Xanadu is the original hypertext and interactive multimedia program. 

(eXtensible Markup Language) like HTML, is an outgrowth of SGML that permits developers to control and display data in the same way they control text and graphics today. XML is not a replacement for HTML.

X Window System
A windowing system supporting graphical user interfaces to applications.

An acronym for Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle, and Yahoo http://www.yahoo.com/ was one of the first and remains as one of the best Internet search engines. 

(Yellow Pages) A service used by Unix administrators to manage databases distributed across a network. Now known as NIS (Network Information Services). 

As in magazine, a (usually) free Internet publication. 

A type of file compression used most often on the Internet. The file extension for a zipped file is .ZIP.
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